Home Health The Ketogenic diet: Beginners guide 2021

The Ketogenic diet: Beginners guide 2021

17 min read

Dieting is the constant practice of eating food in a regulated manner and a fashion of decreasing consumption. These kinds of exercises are followed to maintain, lose, and increase body weight or as a method to treat diseases such as obesity or diabetics. However, a majority supports a diet to lose weight and improve general health. Hence, there are multiple types of diet plans, but we are only focusing on the keto diet.” Well, some of you might not at least know what this is, while some others might already follow this diet. Your level in this diet is not the concern since what you are doing is most probably not right. We are bringing you from head to toe information about Keto diet.

Keep on reading to find out!

What Is Keto Diet?

Before going to diet, you need to know a full-length keto diet introduction. The Ketogenic diet is extremely high in fat, deficient in carbohydrates and moderate in protein diet. The percentage distribution of these nutrients in a ketogenetic diet is as follows.

  • About 80 percent of fat and daily calories
  • Less than 5 percent of carbohydrates calories
  • Typically 15 to 20 percent of protein calories

This distribution of micronutrients is a dramatic departure from the generally recommended amount of diffusion of micronutrients, which is 20 to 35 percent protein, 45 to 65 percent carbohydrates, and 10 to 35 percent fat.

The primary importance of the keto diet is the natural and healthy process called Ketosis. Generally, Ketosis runs very well on Glucose. Glucose produced when the body breaks down the carbohydrates. It is a straightforward process that eventually makes it the body’s most preferred way to produce energy.

When you cut back on the carbs or just have not eaten them for a little while, your body starts searching for some other sources of energy to fill in space. Fat is typically the new source they seek here. When your blood sugar level drops because you are not feeding your body carbs, fat is released from cells and floods the body system. Then the liver turns the fat into ketone bodies. Ketone bodies are the second source of energy your body uses. So, ultimately, this fat is used as an energy source.

A typical keto meal includes,

  1. Meat
  2. Fish
  3. Eggs
  4. Cheese
  5. Butter
  6. Low-card green vegetables
  7. Heavy cream
  8. Oils
  9. Nuts
  10. Avocados
  11. Seeds
  12. Bacon

Health Benefits of Keto Diets

As you know, the primary health benefits of a keto diet are decreasing body fats, improving insulin sensitivity, enhancement of exercise, and improving brain focus; there are many benefits that you probably would not know. While the keto diet is not a natural diet for sure, research shows that it has the potential therapeutic benefits other than treating epilepsy. Here are some other Health Benefits of Keto that are very promising.

Alzheimer’s disease

According to research, it suggests that when an Alzheimer’s disease patient eats a keto diet, their cognitive function improves significantly. It recommends this has something to do with improving mitochondrial function by providing the brain with fuels.

Parkinson’s disease

One of the significant features of Parkinson’s disease is the abnormal accumulation of a protein called Apna-synuclein. Recent researches have explored whether a keto diet stimulates the breakdown of these proteins while reducing the alpha-synuclein in the brain.

Multiple Sclerosis

In a small scale study, patients who have multiple sclerosis put onto a new keto diet, after about six months, they reported a good improvement in the quality of life with a physical and mental development too. Before any doctor or researcher can make any connection between keto and MS, they needed more significant and better samples through research. But, yet the preliminary findings were fascinating.

Cardiovascular Diseases

This is the spot of confusion and controversy for sure since this is a diet that highly relies on meats and fats. Then, it is a fundamental belief that meats and fats raise cholesterol and cause heart issues. However, some researches provide evidence opposite of this idea. The keto diet supports improving triglyceride, HDL, and LDL levels in the blood. In a 2017 research review, it shows that all the available evidence around the keto diet and cardiovascular health, and found that the food may have an association with bringing improvements in the cardiovascular risks related factor. Mind this point, the authors of these reports later expressed that their concerns with maintaining the diet in the long term; these benefits might not last long. So, this makes it clear that we need to study it further to fill this gap.


Early research experiments prove that keto diets have an anti-tumor effect. This idea means it reduces the overall calorie intake for tumor growth. In a 2014 animal-based research showed that keto diets had success in reducing tumor growth, gastric cancer, colon cancer, and brain cancer. More research needs to conduct to find more in-depth details about this on humans.

Is it true “That Can Help You Lose Weight” is a Keto diet?

One of the major selling points of Keto Diet and the rudimentary reason for the fame of a keto diet is that you say it drops weight in a short period. But the main point you need to focus on is whether it is good to be true?

Several numbers of studies, including meta-analysis, discovered that patients assigned to a deficient carbohydrate diet have more significant weight loss outcomes when compared with eating low fat. Very promising, isn’t it? Well, weight loss is a good thing when the momentum is sustaining the long term, but it is not very cleared whether that is the real case!

A large meta-analysis discovered that this allows the carb dieter has a higher tendency to lose weight more. First, the differences disappear in just a one-year section. It also appears that there are several other early differences, but they all fade away with time. Let us now look into the reasons why a keto diet may work for weight loss.

Calorie Restriction

When one severely restricts their food intake by cutting out multiple categories of food types, they entirely lose weight faster.

Water loss

There is proof showing that a higher-level protein diet like keto diet does have some reasonable weight loss benefits. Partially, because fats and proteins are both satiating, you will not feel hungry. Glycogen tends to lose here too. Well, you might be aware that Glycogen is the body’s glucose storage that bound with water. Thus, as a result, in this case, Glycogen depletes, and then eventually, water also drains as waste matter. So, you lose tons of water, and you ultimately lose weight.

Appetite control

Hence, other than satiating capabilities of fat and proteins, research provides information that keto diets may support to suppress the hunger hormone called ghrelin. If you are a hungry monster, then this is a beneficial part for you!

Different Types of Ketogenic Diets

There are numerous types of keto diets, but think you are assigned to write about types of keto diets and their suiting parties, what do you do? The answer is wise; the kind of diet suiting you depends on your goal and lifestyle. Do you want to grow muscles, lose weight, or deal with a disease? Sure, these are different goals of keto dieters, and we think you understand our point!

The Standard ketogenic diet

This is the most common type of all keto diet. The rule here is simple” you eat a minimum amount of carbs per day and eventually end up all times. This type of keto diet is pretty much similar to the Induction Phase of the Atkins Diet. Hence, this diet needs about 20 to 50 grams of carbs per day, while Atkins induction requires a limitless than 20 per day. Moreover, the exact amount depends on the individual’s requirement. Standard Ketogenic Diet is the best first approach for the vast majority of people.

Target Ketogenic Diet

This is another common type of keto diet. According to reports we referred, you can eat carbs before 30 to 60 minutes exercise. It advises choosing easily digestible carbs with a high glycemic index to avoid any stomach upsetting. High fructose level food needs to avoid in this diet. Thus, you need to go to glucose-based foods. Fructose tends to replenish liver glycogen instead of Glycogen in muscles, which you need to avoid in this type of keto diet.

Moreover, if you do not work out with the correct type of suiting you, problems will arise. Sometimes the consequences are severe and fatal too. 


  • Athletic Performance Impediments
  • Flu-related to keto
  • Constipation
  • Nutritional deficiencies – This nutrient deficiency includes sodium, potassium, and Vitamin C deficiencies.


This article was just a scratching of the surface of the potential therapeutic roles of a keto diet. Many things are deep further to understand about the keto diet. If you are hoping for a piece of final advice, then if you like carbs, do not remove them entirely off from your diet. Instead, discover methods to choose the most satiating editions and versions of them to fuel and boost you up! And if you want to try out the keto diet, get in with some good dietitian and work your diet correctly through them in a healthy way!

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